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Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Official name:Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
In Nepali: Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl
Area:147,181 km²
Population:29 million
Highest point:Mount Everest (Sagarmatha, Qomolangma, 8848 m)
Most important river:Karnali
Government:republic
Head of state:Ram Baran Yadav (since 2008)
Capital:Kathmandu
Administrative divisions:14 zones
Official language:Nepali; local languages are also official on regional level
Ethnic groups:Chetri 16%, Bahun 13%, Magar 7%, Tharu 7%, Tamang 6%, Newar 5%, Indian Muslim 4%, Kami 4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 3%, Gurung 2%, other 29%
Religions:Hindu 81%, Buddhist 11%, Muslim 4%, other 4%

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